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Sunday April 30th 2017

King Siliwangi According to Pleyte

Hawé Setiawan

Ancient Literature | Thursday, 8 March 2012 | sundanesecorner.org

Pleyte's Book on Pantun Story

Among the books written by C. M. Pleyte, there is Radén Moending Laja di Koesoema: Een Oude, Soendasche Ridderroman ‘Radén Moending Laja di Koesoema: An Old Sundanese Knight Novel’ published by Albrecht & Co, Batavia, in 1906. This work presents a transcription of a pantun story about Prince Munding Laya di Kusumah in Sundanese along with its translation in Dutch. Pleyte also presents his study of the tukang pantunpantun story teller’ and pantun story.

To his analysis, Pleyte makes a footnote of the legendary Prabu Siliwangi ‘King Siliwangi’, which has been often mentioned by pantun story tellers. Let me quote his note:

‘Praboe Siliwangi wordt in nieuwere Soendasche sadjarah’s veeltijd de eerste en tevens de laatste koning van Padjadjaran genoemd. Evenwel is hij noch de een noch de ander geweest. Immers de Batoe toelis nabij Buitenzorg noemt als grondvester van Pakoean Padjadjaran Sri Sangratoe Dewata, terwijl een palmbladhandschrift, gedateerd de 3de maand 1440 Caka — 1518 n. Chr., ons leert, dan Praboe Siliwangi toen reeds door toekang pantoen bezongen werd. Holle, K. F., Vlugtig berigt enz. in Tijdschr. V. Ind.- Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, dl. XVI, blz. 457.

‘Waar nu met vrij groote zekerheid mag aangenomen worden dat Pakoean pl. m. 1575 door Banten veroverd werd en wel door Pangeran Joesoef, later Maoelana Joesoef, kan dus Praboe Siliwangi niet de laatste heerscher over Padjadjaran geweest zijn. In de Serat Banten, die zeer uitvoerig over de inneming van Pakoean spreekt, XIX Kinanti en XX Doerma, treffen wij den naam Praboe Siliwangi dan ook niet aan, de toen der tijd regeerende koning wordt alleen verscheiden was, toen de Banteners onder het uitroepen der kalimat en sahadat al wat zich binnen de stad, na hun nachtelijke overrompeling, te weer stelde over den kling joegen.

‘Het meest waarschijnlijk komt ons voor dat Praboe Siliwangi nooit vorst over Padjadjaran geweest is, doch dat wij in hem te zien hebben Praboe Wangi, die volgens de Tjarita Parahijangan bij Boebat tegen Hayam Woeroek het leven liet. Brandes, J., Pararaton, blz. 134. Wijlen Holle, die de Pararaton niet heeft gekend, kwam reeds vroeger tot de overtuiging dat Praboe Siliwangi niemand anders is dan Praboe Wangi, de groot vader van voornoemden Sri Sangratoe Dewata, den stichter van Pakoean Padjadjaran, een meening die door nieuwere feiten slechts bevestigd wordt. Intusschen steit Holle zijn regeeringsperiode te vroeg: Praboe Wangi door hem als levend kort na het jaar 1000 A. D. aangenomen, sneuvelde in 1357 n. Chr. Holle, K. F. Nog een woord over den Batoe toelis. Tijdschr. v. Ind. Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, dl. XXVII, blz. 187.’ (Pleyte, 1906: 10)

In English, the text would likely be read:

‘Prabu Siliwangi is mentioned in newer Soendanese history as the first and the last king of Pajajaran. However, he was neither the one nor the other. The Batu tulis inscription near Bogor cites the founder of Pakuan Pajajaran, which is Sri Sangratu Dewata, while a palm leaf manuscript, dated to the 3rd month 1440 Caka— 1518 C. E., teaches us that Prabu Siliwangi had been often mentioned by pantun story tellers at the time. Holle, K. F., news etc. in Tijdschr. V. Ind.- Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, vol. XVI, p. 457.

‘Now, with a considerable certainty, it can be assumed that in 1575 Pakuan was conquered by Banten and ruled by Prince Yusuf, later known as Lord Yusuf, so that Prabu Siliwangi cannot be the last ruler of Pajajaran. In the Serat Banten, which describes very extensively the intake of Pakuan, i.e. in XIX Kinanti and XX Durma, we find that the name Prabu Siliwangi is not mentioned, which means that at the time there had been other kings who ruled the land, when the Banteners under the proclamation of kalimat and sahadat came to the city, after their nocturnal attack, emerging with their blades.

‘The most likely to us is that Prabu Siliwangi had never been a king of Pajajaran, but rather we have to see him as Prabu Wangi, which according to the Carita Parahiyangan was killed by Hayam Wuruk at Bubat. Brandes, J.,Pararaton, p 134. Holle, who didn’t know Pararaton, came earlier to the belief that Prabu Siliwangi is none other than Prabu Wangi, the grandfather of the afore mentioned Sri Sangratu Dewata, the founder of Pakuan Pajajaran, an opinion that is confirmed by newer events. Meanwhile, what Holle states of his reign period is too early: Prabu Wangi is said as being lived shortly after the year 1000 A.D., and died in 1357 C. E. Holle, K. F., another words about the Batu tulis. Tijdschr. v. Ind. Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, vol. XXVII, p. 187.’ (Pleyte, 1906: 10)

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2 Responses to “King Siliwangi According to Pleyte”

  1. rakean abdi sunda says:

    kang hawe, my senior fellow at FIKOM Unpad:

    allow me to propose corrected findings about prabu siliwangi as once researched by the late Drs. Saleh Danasasmita.

    Prabu Siliwangi was not the one killed in bubat. the one murdered by Gajah Mada in the battle was Wastu kancana’s father or Bunisora’s elder brother: Prabu Maharaja [prabu linggabuana (?)]. sri baduga maharaja was actually prabu jayadewata (1482-1521). how come? let us see the following evidence:
    -Carita parahyangan: wastukancana-tohaan di Galuh- ratu Jayadewata
    -piagem kabantenan: wastukancana-ningrat kancana-sri baduga maharaja
    – batu tulis: wastu kancana-dewa niskala-sri baduga maharaja

    as further reference, we can also see Tome Pires’ notes, which was made in 16th century.

    Thanks. Rahayu… _/\_

  2. Hawe Setiawan says:

    Thanks for this comment.

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