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Friday March 31st 2017

Talaga Bodas, the Milk-White Crater Lake

T. Bachtiar

Sunda Lands | Tuesday, 26 March 2013 | sundanesecorner.org

Talagabodas Crater Lake (Photograph: T. Bachtiar)

The milk-white round lake was fortified by the green walls of Young Talagabodas Crater. On the edge of the lake, an old maroon tree buried under volcanic rocks, stood out among the spreading sands and ivory gravels. The remaining paku tiang (Alsophila sp. and Cyathea sp.) and kayu hutan were still enchanting, interspersed with red tops of Cantigi, bringing the freshness of the crater lake. I felt relieved. The fatigue from the relentless shocks in the vehicle along the way, for the road from Sukawening, Garut Regency, to Talaga Bodas wasn’t smooth, was relieved when I arrived at Talaga Bodas. The lake was at an altitude of + 1,720 m or 1,020 m from Garut plains.

In Patrol intersection at an altitude of 1,574 m, Sadahurip Hill, which was about 4 km to the northwest from Talaga Bodas, clearly visible with its pyramid-like shape. Visitors would certainly be attracted by the scene and would soon take picture of one of the old volcanic cones within the complex of Mount Talagabodas, the formation of which was in the same period with another old volcanoes, such as Mount Karacak and Mount Candramerta. In the southern region of Sadahurip Hill, fault stretched along 15 km to the southeast-northwest, from the southern region of Mount Bungbulang to Pasanggrahan Village, forming a valley which extended with its southern part went down, so that Sadahurip Hill stood out.

The evolution of Mount Talagabodas occurred in several formation phases. In the first phase an explosive eruption formed Old Talagabodas Caldera, + 4.5 km in diameter, with the opening to the north. In the second phase the formation of Saat Crater was located in the centre of Old Talagabodas Caldera. In the fourth phase a cone was formed from the side eruptions around the wall of Old Talagabodas Caldera, i.e. Mount Canar, Mount Piit, Mount Lebakjero, and Mount Masigit. The fifth stage was marked by the formation of a cone from a side eruptions in the outside of the wall of Old Talagabodas Caldera, i.e. Mount Beuticanar, Mount Malang, and Mount Ciparay. As for the sixth phase a phreatomagmatic-strombolian side eruption occurred, and that was the final stage of the formation and destruction of Old Talagabodas Caldera. Its explosive activity produced the Young Talagabodas Crater with its opening to the northeast. The crater, the diameter of which was less than 2 km, was then filled with water, forming a crater lake, which is now known as Talaga Bodas (Sundanese, White Lake), because the colour of the water looks milky white. In the seventh stage a phreatic eruption occurred from Young Talagabodas Crater, and in the eighth phase the activity of Mount Talaga Bodas arise in the form of a weak gust of solfatara and a mudflow.

The charm of Talaga Bodas was not fade away despite the entrance into the crater lake was more steep than flat.***

T. Bachtiar is a Bandung-based geographer and author of Bandung Purba ‘Ancient Bandung’ (Pustaka Jaya, 2013). His article is translated from Indonesian.

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